Last week we discussed Hypertension in pregnancy. Here is the concluding part.
High blood pressure during pregnancy can cause serious complications for you and your unborn child. The complications include;
- Low birth weight and preterm birth- high blood pressure can cause a decrease in the flow of blood to the placenta and if the placenta does not get sufficient blood, your baby might receive less oxygen and fewer nutrients leading to growth problems for the baby and even, early/pre mature delivery.
- Placental abruption– this is a situation in which the placenta separates from the inner wall of the uterus before delivery. When this is severe, it can result in heavy bleeding and damage to the placenta, which can be life-threatening for both you and your baby.
- Others include high risk of having Cesarean delivery, heart and blood vessel disease later in life and Still birth.
To avoid all these, monitoring your blood pressure during pregnancy and getting regular prenatal care are very important for your well-being and that of your baby because the first sign of pre-eclampsia is commonly a rise in blood pressure.
Lifestyle changes like the ones discussed earlier are necessary to control your blood pressure in pregnancy. However, if medications will be needed, your health care professional will prescribe the safest medicines at the most appropriate dose. Make sure you take the medication exactly as prescribed and avoid self-medication.
I hope our series on hypertension has been useful. We promise to bring you another educative topic next week. Watch out!